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What is Dyslexia?

“Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurobiological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede the growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.”

(International Dyslexia Association, 2021)

Dyslexia is a learning disorder that affects both children and adults. Its symptoms are different with age, and severity can vary as well. Generally, people with dyslexia have difficulty breaking down words into simple sounds. They struggle to learn how sounds relate to letters and words, which leads to slow reading and poor reading comprehension.

Dyslexia is not connected with intelligence.

It is a neurobiological disorder that affects the parts

of your brain involved in language processing.

Despite its biological basis, dyslexia can’t be diagnosed with a simple blood test or brain scan. When clinicians make a diagnosis, they consider the results of a series of reading tests along with the symptoms reported by the person, their parents, or their teachers.


How do I know if my child has dyslexia?

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